The word "mandala" selected preference because it means a ritual or magic circle used for contemplation in Lamaism or tantra yoga. Eastern mandalas are used in rituals - the traditional forms: they may be drawn, painted, or paint, for special ceremonies, even modeled - the mental image that can be built only fully enlightened lama by force of imagination.
Hi a mandala is different and each is unique in its kind. Mandaly in monasteries and temples have no special significance, since they are - only the external representation. This mandala - is always an internal image, which builds active imagination at a time when disturbed mental balance, or when not to catch the idea and the need to formulate it, because it is not contained in a coherent doctrine. The relevance of this explanation is understandable in the further exposition.
For such freedom and individual creation of the mandala, however, must be treated with a high degree of doubt, since all Lama mandalas predetermined not only undeniable style and traditional structure. For example, they are all based on the quaternary system, the quadrature of the circle, but their content is based on the Lamaist doctrine.
All of these texts, such as the Sri Chakra Shambhala Tantra, which describe how to create these "mental images". Khilkora clearly differs from the so-called SIDP-court, or the world-wheel, which represents a human life in various forms, as perceived by Buddhists. Tibetskoe world wheel consists of several circles, divided by 12 and 6 parts with scenes from life, like a horoscope.
In contrast to the mandala wheel of the world based on the ternary system, in which three of the world are linked in the center of the principle: the rooster symbolizes lust, the snake - the hatred, the pig - the ignorance, or unconscious (Avidya). Here we are faced with the dilemma of three and four. These oriental characters originate from dreams and visions, and not invented by some church father of Mahayana. On the contrary, they belong to the oldest symbols of humanity and can exist even in the Paleolithic times. Moreover, they are distributed worldwide.
Mandalas are used in ceremonies are very important, because their centers contain the highest figures of religious deities: Siva himself (often in the arms of Shakti), or the Buddha Amitabha, Avalokiteshvara, or one of the great masters of the Mahayana, or simply Dorje - the symbol of all divine forces, while creative and destructive. Taoist treatise "Golden Flower" ascribes this center are some "alchemical" properties - properties of the philosopher's stone and the elixir of immortality.
Generally, it is important to note the value of the mandala, as this is consistent with the paramount importance of personal mandalnyh characters, which are characterized by the same qualities as the so-called "metaphysical" nature (the word in a figurative sense, refers to the special psychological condition caused by dreams). Mandala means no more and no less than the psychic center of personality, not identified with the "I".
People are doing their best, as absurd as it may be to avoid a meeting with his own soul. They practice Indian yoga and all its exercises, observe a strict diet, learn by heart theosophic works or mechanically repeat mystic texts of the world - and all because they can not cope with themselves and do not have the slightest belief that anything may be useful in their own souls.
The Tibetan word for mandala - "khyilkhor", which means - "the center of the circle with the outer walls and the environment. Mandalas can be created from precious stones, flowers, colored rice, colored stones, or colored sand. Sand, traditionally made from milled precious stones, is considered the most effective material because of the precious material and a great skill required to create the fine details of the mandala. Every grain of sand is filled with the blessings of the ritual process, so full of sand mandala forms a huge store of spiritual energy.
According to the history of Buddhism, goals, values, and methods involved in the spiritual art of sand mandala painting were transmitted by the Buddha Shakyamuni, the historical Buddha in the sixth century BC. E. India. Over the centuries the Kalachakra teaching was transferred intact from teacher to student. Since the 11th century the Kalachakra went from India to Tibet, and during the 18th century VII Dalai Lama provided a Ningma monasteries. This continuous transmission to the XIV Dalai Lama of our time.
Each mandala - a sacred mansion, the home of the visualized meditational deity, he realizes the enlightened qualities ranging from compassion to heightened consciousness and bliss. In the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, mandalas are created for rituals of initiation to participate in tantric meditation practices, in which a highly qualified teacher passes on Developed students. Deity, which resides in the center of the mandala and the mandala itself are recognized as manifestations of Buddha's fully enlightened mind.
Symbolically the deity makes the initiation, and the mandala - is where it happens. After the ceremony of initiation in the mind of every person in the process of visualization of the mandala nourished the seeds of enlightenment. In fact, the ceremony is disturbing emotions into beneficial intuition and wisdom. Normally such an initiation is given at the request of an individual or group of people. Altruistic motivation of the artist and sponsor is essential for the creation of the mandala.
Mandala of Kalachakra.
This is a symbolic representation of aspects of the Kalachakra deity and the universe in which it lives. At present 722 deities of the mandala, which symbolize the various manifestations of aspects of consciousness and reality, all of them - part of the ultimate wisdom of the Kalachakra.
Understanding and interpreting all the symbols included in the mandala would be like reading the Kalachakra texts, which contain extensive teachings from cosmology to psychology. Kalachakra Tantra is interpreted on three levels, referred to as the outer, inner and secret. External relate to the laws of time and space of this physical world and accordingly deal with astronomy, astrology and mathematics. Inside on the elements and structure of the human body, including a system of energies.
Secret - the doctrine, path and fruit of a particular meditational deity and the mandala, his palace. Kalachakra is located in the center of the mandala. His palace consists of a mandala, one within another: the mandala of body, speech mandala, the mandala of the mind, the very center, wisdom and great happiness. The palace is divided into four quadrants - each with walls, gates, and center. Colors - respectively represent the elements and types of mind. Black, on the east, connected with the element of wind. South - red, element - fire. West - yellow, associated with the element earth, and the north - the white represents water.
Palace Square 722 deities placed on the first concentric circle, the first of which represents the earth. Other sectors (eg, water, fire, wind, space, and consciousness) extends beyond the walls of the palace. The outer circles representing the cosmos, are the source of Tibetan astrology. The ten wrathful deities residing in one of the outer, concentric circles of the mandala, serve as advocates. Kalachakra Sand Mandala is dedicated to peace and physical balance of the individual and the surrounding world, among non-permanent human, animal and floral forms, abstract icons, and Sanskrit syllables that make up the mandala.
Although the image is on a flat surface, the mandala is actually three dimensional, is a five-storied "divine palace" in the center of which stands the Kalachakra and shows the state of enlightenment. The man who simply looks at this mandala, can feel the world on many levels. According to the Dalai Lama, the Kalachakra creates a favorable atmosphere, reducing tension and violence in the world. "This is - the way sowing the seed where the seed will have karmic effect. Not everyone should be present at the Kalachakra ceremony in order to get benefits. This explains the Dalai Lama.
Constructing TZE-pu or mandala base, the artists measure and draw the architectural lines using acute-angled ruler, compass and pen white ink. Mandala - a formal geometric pattern of the holy plan of the palace. It includes a base, four entrances, walls and other architectural elements. Colored sand poured on the mandala from the end of a metal pipe through which tap the other pipe to let a trickle of sand.
Artists are drawing from the center of the mandala and fill it out. Since the mandala is made in the spirit of impermanence and non-attachment, it will ultimately be ritually destroyed. Then the blessed sand are on the river, where it will be poured on the use of marine creatures and the environment.
Represents a manifestation of a certain energy field. Mandala as the energy field, can not only be drawn. Located next to the liberated Lama, you just get in his mandala. You appear understanding of things that in the normal state is not perceived. Each mandala relates relevant practice. Information that is posted here, is not training, but purely for informational purposes only. All practices in the Karma Kagyu school are transmitted only on dedicated teacher to student, show the ability to accept and implement the practice. Each mandala has its own mantra and visualization of its own.
As a manifestation of Buddha-activity of the mandala is timeless benefits for the mind. In general, the practice of the mandala is closely linked with the practice yiadma. Now in the west appeared the direction in which the mandala is any complex, regular pattern. These pictures are not good for the mind. After reading everything written can be understood that these drawings correctly called mandalas. Consequently draw a mandala can only persons trained. No special consideration is not to say that they can do us great harm, although they may confuse people enter a hypnotic state, etc.
In the various articles you can often come across the term "deity". In the modern dictionary Kagyu not use the term "god", but is the term Buddha-form, or aspect. Practice Vdzhrasattvy fall into one of four introductory practice round Ngondro. This practice is devoted to the purification of the accumulated negative experiences. The practice of any of the mandala associated with Yidams, who lives in it as in a palace.
Vajra circle - diamond circle expresses strength of fearlessness. Graves: there are eight graves, symbolizing the four states of consciousness (the consciousness of the beholder, mind hears, feels consciousness, the consciousness of smell, the consciousness of the body, consciousness thinking, consciousness itself, the basic consciousness) that a person should go.
Lotus circle: expresses the state of devotion, which is necessary in order to enter the palace. Center - symbolizes the presence of the Buddha in the center, surrounded by eight Buddhas in meditation, which represents the deities: four men and four women. These figures are opposite corners of a lotus flower.
Buddha for meditation.
Bulgarian Hard Lev
Lady in white dress
Savior (as she savior Mary in Christianity)
Diagram of the mandala.
Each of the four classes of tantra is specific to it is deeply symbolic structural schemes, a kind psihokosmicheskie diagrams, called Mandala (tdkyil-Khor). In the center of the mandala - the main deity, surrounded - from four to several hundreds of deities satellites. The main deity of the mandala called Yidams this system tantra. For the yogi, dedicated to this system, this yidam becomes the main object of meditation. Accompanying Yidams deity helpers differ from the Head of the mandala only in terms of their forms and manifestations, and in essence and by nature they are - different aspects of the central deity.
Mandala - a diagrammatic representation of a mythical ideal abode for extraterrestrial Yidams, this is just a character created to help the yogi transcendental meditation in his palace to Yidams, which became the object of his meditation. Detailed explanations of what should be the size of the mandala, its shape, form, color, etc., are in special texts dealing with the relevant Yidams. In addition, for each case there is another type of texts, more succinctly sets out the content and significance of the main text in order to facilitate their reading of the ritual and memorization. These and the source (so-called. "Indigenous") there are a variety of texts explaining their meaning comment.
In addition to the above "visible" like the mandala there is the category of "invisible" mandalas, which are composed in the mind of the meditator in his meditation. In accordance with the method of manufacture are three types of mandala: inscribed black and white or color painted on cloth, made with colored powders on the plane, manufactured in the form of bulk three-dimensional structures (of such materials as wood, clay). When making mandala necessarily take into account the factors of time and place, according to preset a particular tantra parameters, taking into account the astrological data.
In particular, if the dimensions of space (the plane) are insufficient, then replace the complete figures of deities painted replacing their characters (for example, tantric objects) or just a single Bija-mantra of the gods: Christ's Avalokiteshvara; Dhi Mandzhughoshi; HUM Vajrasattva; TAM Tara, and so d. Mandala, where the figures Yidams and his entourage are full, called "corporal", where only the names or Bija-Mantra - "kommunkativnymi" or "speech", where only the symbols - "mind". After the act of initiation powder and three-dimensional mandalas are swept away, destroyed.
Powder collected in a special vessel, spilling into the river or any body of water, three-dimensional wooden mandala burning on the riverbank. This ritual destruction of the mandala is intended, in particular, to remove the attachment on to the physical structure of the mandala is consecrated, to show his prehodyaschest or "hollow nature" of any, even sverhzemnyh phenomena.
In general, the whole set Yidams can be classified on the basic types: peaceful, violent, angry, polugnevnye. Here are some examples of well-known peace Yidams: Mandzhushrighosha, Avalokiteshvvara, Tara, Amitayus etc.
Examples of angry Yidams: Yamantaka, Keele, Hayyagriva, Vajrapani. Examples of semi-peaceful-polugnevnyh yidammov: Guyyasamadavadzhra, Kalachakra, Vajravarahi. These Yidams portrayed in various forms. Some - in the normal humanoid shape with one face, a pair of hands and feet, others - many faces, many-armed, multilegged. Various aspects kvazifizicheskie and characteristic attributes, which collectively compose the form Yidams symbolize many different qualities of wisdom and omniscience of Buddhahood.
It is for this reason, all Yidams classified refuge of the Buddha. Why tantric texts describe so many Yidams angry appearance? Do not Yidams peace? The fact that Buddhist teachings are intended to "discipline", "train" the mind of both the believer and the other surrounding his creatures. Reason zakleshevan there is usually a consequence of the general welter of their psyche, they are doomed and helpless do not accumulate good deeds. Therefore, such a fundamental flaw, as mental confusion should be totally eradicated. In order that the human mind could more easily grasp the idea of the vicious nature of this state "zakleshevannosti", and it is portrayed in a particular visible form.
Most people are accustomed to other shares on their enemies, friends and just neutral. They are easy to understand the feelings of hatred, love or jealousy that arise in relationships with others. In the context of Tantra "zakleshevannost" as an enemy of man. For example, the symbol of "zakleshevannosti" can be trampled feet of the deity - Yidams figure - it is set flare, rather than any living creature. It is also necessary to understand and symbolic attributes of a deity, their frightening decorations, severed heads, torn out the heart, blood, etc.
The interpretation of these symbols is provided in special texts. Various sacrifices, characters and background elements of tantric icons - Thanka - all this symbolically as the observer constitutes a central activity of an angry god - Yidams. All of these ornaments and decor can not be seen as something real, as taken from specially slaughtered for the purpose of man. Installing the one who leads tantric meditation, should be based on compassion for those who have dirty bottoms of ignorance, and their anger yogi should be directed to this root flare.
Shakyamuni Buddha preached the tantric teaching, using, or taking during his sermon wrathful forms, which, as a skilful means, influenced in such a way that aroused listener and believer aversion to flare, the disgust of such fierce and indomitable force that it acted as a powerful, fast and fully effective means for the destruction of this radical evil. Awesome look Yidams is anger, which feels to identify with Yidams to flare.
All the tantric rituals also performed with the installation of consciousness compassionate towards those who are infected with a flare, and with anger directed at the state itself zakleshevannosti. Such techniques are described at length in numerous commentaries on the tantras, along with general descriptions of rituals and rules for their implementation.