The traditional Chinese calendar is an interesting system for tracking and coordination of temporary loops in the system of functional human interaction with internal and external world. The traditional ideology of Chinese philosophy was built on the principle of a miscalculation of fate (predestination) and forecast developments so as to be able to insert into pre-defined patterns of objects and phenomena, unsteady reality of human perception with minimal discomfort.
It is this constant uncomfortable is a major factor in shortening of human life, whereas the main value, orients the individual in the space of existence, is the durability and longevity. Therefore, the science of time and forecasting techniques are the two main components in the value system of traditional Chinese world.
Ideally, in a mythical time of launch consecutive cycles according to the will of the Yellow Emperor Huang Di, who according to some sources took place in 2697 BC, the first sign of the celestial cycle coincides with the first known terrestrial sequences and in the sky at the time was midnight on the day of the new moon the winter solstice. The sun and moon in their cycles are not entirely balanced, that is expressed in a symbolic difference between five and six, and therefore the beginning of the solar and lunar cycles are now rarely coincide with the beginning of the cycle of trunks and branches. This may explain the imbalance in the circulation of objects and phenomena in our tumultuous life.
The annual cycle, as the basic coordinate in the rotation in the space of human life (after all, and our lives are considered units of past years) is divided into two halves, one of which is the preponderance of force while Ian and the other, respectively, Yin (see "The Yin and Yang "). Then there are four seasons and their corresponding phase nucleation, growth, harvest and save seeds (for future sowing). The next level of division - of eight joints, in which, besides the four points of the season highlighted two equinoxes and two solstices as phase equilibrium and the maximum development of the Yin and Yang.
Each of the joints has 45 days, and 15-tidnevny period represents one breath or exhale. Next are 72 periods of five days. In addition, the division for 12 months there is an independent, but interrelated cycle of sixty pieces, which is constructed by compiling combinations 10 so-called heavenly stems and 12 earthly branches (see "Heavenly stems and Earthly Branches"). 10 branches express Yin and energy JÃ¡nskÃ© five movements - Wood, Fire, Soil, Metal and Water (see "The five elements and their interaction"). A 12 branches are derived from the Earth's Quartet and reflect the interaction of the five movements in the earth level.
There are different ways of computing the impact of cycles on the processes of human life with the ability to calculate the date of commencement of enabling certain actions so that they fit the necessary phases of birth, growth, development and conservation of seeds in the hierarchy of periodic rotation. The Chinese in the course of two different calendar systems. On the bottom, used in everyday life, is a lunar calendar, in which the year is divided into twelve months, which is based on the motion of the moon in orbit around the Earth.
There is another calendar that is used not only for counting days, but also in agriculture and in fortune. This is a solar calendar, which the Chinese called "Xia Calendar", since it came into use in the Xia Dynasty, 4000 years ago. The main difference between the Xia calendar and lunar calendar is that the first is the sun by day and involves, in accordance with the motion of Earth around the Sun and the division of the months it determined by the position of Earth in its orbit circumsolar.
Hsia Calendar is also distinguished by the fact that it is closely linked to the five elements. Every year, month and day in the calendar is described by two Chinese characters, each of which corresponds to one of the Five Elements. For example, in 1998 presented in the Hsia calendar, the two characters U-yin. The first of them is the Earth Poems, and the second - the Tree. Each time can be described in terms of the Elements. Converting any time - year, month, day and hour - in the Hsia calendar format, we get eight characters, designating eight verses, dominant at this time.
Similarly, year, month, day and hour of birth of person can be represented as a set of Four Pillars, composed of four elements. Hieroglyphics, located at the top, called the Celestial stem, and those below - earthly branches (of them discussed above and in the section "Heavenly stems and earthly branches"). In total there are ten heavenly stems and twelve earthly branches, and together these 22 characters form the basis of calendar Xia. Each of these characters correspond to any elements (Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water).
Since the Xia calendar gives us information on the impact of the Five Elements is dominant at any given time, date of birth, presented in calendar format Xia (Heavenly stems and Earthly Branches), actually shows the influence of the Elements, at the time of birth. In other words, the trunks and branches, or cyclic characters are space-based components of man. If we know the composition of the five elements that define our lives, then using the laws that govern the interaction of these elements, and patterns of changes of Elements in time, we can predict the future sequence of events of human life.
This method of predicting the future based on the interpretation of the influence of the Elements, and there is the Chinese art of prediction, which is called the Four Pillars of Destiny. Cyclical, or household, calendar. The above astronomical calendars used mostly in civilian life. But at the same time with them in ancient China there was a so-called "cyclic" calendar system, which found widespread use as in Japan, Korea, Mongolia and Tibet. It differs from other calendar systems to their original construction. In her years of combined in "cycles", each covering 60 years (see Table below).
Celestial trunks "
Each year, within one full cycle of getting their hieroglyphic sign which had no particular semantic nature. The entire series consisted of five double-column, corresponding to the five "elemental spirits", or "heavenly branches. They indicated the following concepts: Wood (Mu), Fire (Ho), Earth (TU), Metal (Jin) and water (shui). Each element was presented in two states: the male (odd-numbered columns, ie, 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9) and female (even-numbered columns, ie 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10).
Therefore, there are 10 vertical columns, or "Heavenly branches, each of which was designated one of the following cyclic signs: Jia, And, Bing, Ding, Y, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui. The entire 60-year cycle divided into 12 periods, which also had their signs, representing the "Earthly Branches".
Nearly two thousand years ago, labeling periods, ie, the "earthly branches", were added more names of animals. Thus, the period of the cyclical sign "Zi" was attached to the name "mouse" (Shu), the period with the sign "Chow" - the name "cow" (Nu), the period of "Yin" - "tiger" (Hu) and T . e. Later the name of the periods are denoted only signs of the animals. Thus, the decimal cycle "Heavenly branches and duodenary cycle" earthly branches "were merged into a common table, was 60-year Chinese calendar cycle. Years in it are identified as follows.
The first year of the cycle is in the first period and is denoted by the sign of the cyclical earthly branches "Zi". This - the year of the mouse. Likewise, it turns out that the second year - the year of the cow, the third - the tiger, the tenth - chicken and etc. However, under the sign of the mouse, except for the first year, are still 13th, 25 th, 37 th and 49 th years of the cycle, under the sign of a cow, except for the second year, appear on the 14 th, 26 th, 38 th and 50 th years of the cycle; Year of the Tiger may be the 3rd, 15 th, 27 th, 39 th and 51 th years of the cycle, etc. Therefore, for greater certainty of dating has come to signify the years of the cycle both cyclical signs - like the heavenly branch, and the earth.
Then the first year of the cycle, located at the intersection of the celestial branch "Jia" and earthly branches "Zi" will be marked by signs "Chia-Tzu" and called the year of the tree and mouse, 2-Year will be marked by signs "I-Chow" and called the year of "the tree and a cow", 3rd - signs Bing-Yin "and called the year of" fire and a tiger ", 16 th - signs" Chi-Mao "and called the year of" land and the hare ", 47 th - signs "Geng-Xu" and called the year of "metal and dogs", etc.
In everyday life, when it comes to the birth year of the famous faces, the Chinese enjoy it more concise notation. They simply call the appropriate animal earthly branches. Therefore, in response to a question about the age of one questioned could say that he was born, for example, in the year of the dragon. This can mean equally 5-th, 17 th, 29 th, 41 th and 53rd years of the cycle, and which of them corresponds to the year of birth, it is not difficult to guess from the look of charge.
The transition from one year of the cycle to another, as shown in Table. above, occurs on a diagonal from top to bottom and from left to right. Therefore, if you know the first year of the cycle of the Gregorian calendar, with the help of the table we can determine the designation of any other year within the cycle. Cyclical calendar in the past and present. In the beginning of a cyclical era, ie, of the first year of the first cycle, was adopted a year "mouse", corresponding to 2637 BC. e. This date is related to the first year of the reign of the legendary ruler of Huang Di. To date, 76 complete cycles have passed, and since 1924 began the 77-th cycle. Cyclical calendar system prevalent in everyday life, and because it is often called "home".
Since 1 January 1912, after the revolution in China began to use the Gregorian calendar, but only since 1949, after the founding of the People's Republic, he became widely used in the country as the official calendar. However, in our time, many print media (newspapers, magazines) come with a double date: according to the Gregorian calendar, and The 60-year calendar cycle. Resolution of the Government of the PRC in the country established Spring Festival, which is the first day of the New Year according to the old Chinese calendar. He has mid-February.
Chronology of dynasties and the reign of emperors. In studying the history of Chinese literature but often meet with the inherent features of dating events. Since ancient times to the beginning of our century, the Chinese did not have a single chronology, they have not had a single era. In addition to account for the cycles are widely used dating historical events in the reign of dynasties and emperors. Traditionally, China's chronology begins with 2357 BC. e. - Time of accession to the throne of the legendary Emperor Yao.
Year of the Rooster.
Chinese calendar or calendar Xia - is an amazing system, showing the passages of time and giving an opportunity to predict the future. Its unique feature is that all the time information is presented in terms of five basic elements - Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth (see "The five elements and their interactions) that are considered basic components of the universe. Relationship of elements give an indication of what year awaits us.
2005 - Year of the Rooster, according to Hsia calendar, is represented by elements of Wood, who sits on the element of Metal. In accordance with the cycles of creation and destruction that characterize the relationship of elements, metal will destroy the tree (see "The five elements and their interaction"). Consequently, tree, sitting on its destroyer - metal, a symbol of disharmony, which may lead to international conflicts. Relations between the elements is the same as in the year Monkeys, who is also the Year of the Tree, sitting on the metal.
However, the difference is that the Year of the Monkey - a tree-Yang, which has always been compared to a tall tree, different hardness, pride, stubbornness, inflexibility, uncompromising and principled. So in 2004 the conflict between the metal and wood has led to very serious consequences in the acute struggle against terrorism, especially in the Middle East, including Iraq and Saudi Arabia. However, the Year of the Rooster has a tree-Yin, which is compared with a flower or a blade of grass, flexible and easily adapts to environmental changes.
Years in the Chinese calendar is followed by 60-year cycle. This means that this year of the Rooster, Tree-Yin on metal, was in 1945, when Germany and Japan were defeated in World War II. The Allies liberated Europe from Nazism. In 2005, 60 years later, there is the same pair of elements that gives us hope for victory in the global war against terrorism and against Al Qaeda. However, wood and metal are in conflict, so we can not expect that the year will be peaceful. Just as in 1945, victory can be achieved only in the bitter struggle with heavy losses.
Wood-Yin - a symbol of a flower or blade of grass, which follow the direction of the wind. This shows the flexibility and ability to adapt to circumstances, that gives hope for a compromise resolution of years of conflict. As the rooster is a knife, cutting the body, then, for people born in the year or day of the Rabbit, this year is suitable for surgery, including removal of teeth. The most critical (wrong) time for such actions - this is March and September.
Elements representing the years in the Chinese calendar, are signals that show the areas that need attention during the year. In 2005, it was about the tree, crushed metal, which is a warning about the problems associated with the element tree, which is associated with the plants and the environment. It can be natural disasters, which entail the destruction of forests and environment, which also represents a danger for agricultural land.
Rooster - this time the birth of Fire-Yin, which is a symbol of the explosion, so the Year of the Rooster is particularly vulnerable to accidents involving fire and explosions. Rooster - is "flower of romance" in the system of Four Pillars of Destiny, so it will bring increased activity associated with the entertainment business, show business and the large number of interesting developments in this field. The disadvantage is that the Rooster will trigger the emergence of "sexual" scandals among the famous people in various circles, including political ones.
Rooster - a Metal-Yin, thin, decorative, jewelry. This metal promotes the growth and development in the field of cosmetology, skin care, as well as business-related entertainment, advertising, PR, etc. Five basic elements are also various organs and body parts. Wood-Yin - is the liver, neck, spine, metal - a respiratory, teeth and skin. The weakness of the tree in the Year of the Rooster contributes to the rapid emergence of disorders associated with liver, neck and spine.
Metal, by contrast, is strong enough that provokes respiratory diseases and skin. According to recent studies, the metal is also related to violations of the motor system, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's. Former U.S. president Ronald Reagan died in 2004 - the year of the Monkey from Alzheimer's disease, which confirms the link between the element of Metal and violations of traffic. Consequently, these diseases will be the focus in 2005.
An unfavorable animal sign is the Rabbit, as it is in a collision with a rooster. Such a clash is usually associated with movements. Therefore, people born in the year of Rabbit, expect change and movement, for example, travel, move, change jobs, etc. Collision with the lark for them could also mean a surgical intervention, accidents, injuries related to back or neck. To protect against attacks Rooster should be animal sign of the Dragon (image, keychain, etc.). It is also recommended to avoid dangerous exercises and be careful in the sitting position.
Try not to travel much in the direction strictly to the west, especially in March and September, because west - is the position of the Grand Duke in 2005. Another sign of the animals who are under the adverse influence of the Rooster, is the Rooster, which is able to self-punishment. Self-punishment is associated with a hidden danger, hidden disease, which means: the problems in relations with colleagues, unhealthy competition, problems and troubles caused by his own reckless actions. Therefore, people born in a day or year of Rabbit, shall take good care of their health this year.
Facing the day can disrupt the harmony of the Rabbit in family relations, strive to preserve it. Traveling in and use the opportunity to move, if necessary. The best position in the Year of the Rooster are signs of animals such as dragon, snake and the bull, which make up the combination with a rooster, so they will have good luck. For people born in the years of the Monkey, Rat and Dragon, Year of the Rooster favors romantic dating and relationships. However, such an astrological predictions on animal sign is not entirely accurate. For more accurate prediction of human fortune enough to know only the year of birth.