Five and Ten.
Model of the world. . . "From Truth is born One, one had two, two formed three out of three - all a lot of things", as stated in the book "Tao Te Ching. Two and three in the sum to five - the five cardinal directions: east, south, west, north and middle. Accordingly, the distribution of elements or primary elements of nature:
east - tree - blue (green) - Jupiter;
South - fire - red - Mars;
middle - earth - yellow - Saturn;
West - metal - white - Venus;
north - water - black - Mercury.
And it - it is an esoteric order of the elements: such is he in the calendar, and in all sorts of philosophical expositions. For an explanation of natural phenomena and processes occurring in society, used a different order: earth, water, fire, metal, wood. Since the parties are associated certain colors of light, as well as the planet of the solar system.
Hence - "Five pantries body" or "Five dense bodies" (Zhang): liver, heart, spleen, lungs and kidneys. And generally a lot of things and concepts, grouped in pyateritsy, including U-ching, the famous Confucian Pentateuch (Shutszin, Shitszin, I Ching, Litszi and Spring and Autumn). According to the Buddhists, the human body consists of five substances: blood vessels, bones, meat (muscle), skin and blood. The skeleton also consists of five main parts: the skull, spine, scapula, ribs and bones in the limbs (pelvic bones are perceived as the modified blade). We further note that the hands and feet - on five fingers.
The spine is divided into five divisions - cervical, thoracic, dorsal, lumbar and hip. Principal organs of the senses - five: sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch. Man identifies five fluids: mucus, saliva, sweat, urine, tears. It consumes five substances of the environment: air, water, minerals, meat and plants.
The fruit of the womb during the fifth month begins to move, on the tenth - is born. If a person becomes ill, he is accompanied by five sounds: coughing, sneezing, yawning, belching, hiccups. Cough - a sign of light, sneezing - the nose, hiccups - throat, yawning - nerves, belching - stomach.
If European astrologers are four temperaments, then the Buddhists - five:
choleric (impulsive type),
phlegmatic (hard, hard),
intermediate or calm.
However, each of the elements exist as if in two variants - the strong and weak, male and female: the Yin and Yang. A total of ten - ten celestial stems (Tian Gan) or static characters, the basis of the Chinese calendar and astrology, and ten major organs - the five dense added five hollow organs (fu) - gall bladder, small intestine, stomach, colon and bladder . Thus obtained Ten main meridians of the human body, the basis of Chinese medicine. Six and twelve. We order these two fives. It is rightly said "the unit more than five" (Mo-tzu): unit - a hand, or rather, a hand, "generalizing" five fingers. Ten fingers - this is two hands, ten plus two makes twelve.
You can approach this from the other side. (No wonder the concept of "Tao" also has two sides: it's not only a road, but the process of motion). Where five, six, and there: the Chinese did not deny the existence of the element of air. Air-breathing people and all living things and the air - is the personification of the vital energy Qi (in different sources it is also called "chi" or "ki"). True, the Chinese are not included in the number of conventional chi elements, assuming that it is larger than the element, because permeates the universe. But nevertheless taken into account in their schemes, placing the man as a symbol of Qi in the middle of the pentagram, and receiving, thus, already six-membered circuit. But every member of this scheme has two forms - the Yin and Yang, therefore, in the amount again turns twelve.
In Tibet, went even further, including air (qi) directly in the number of elements and dividing it into two triads: earth elements - earth, water, wood, and celestial - metal, air, fire. So again arrange the five triples. Turns hexagram. This scheme bears the clear imprint of Buddhism, who came from India, where esotericism evolved somewhat differently (closer to our ideas). A double hexagram, also known to give twelve. So there is a set of twelve earthly branches (Di Zhi) or dynamic characters, the most important part of the Chinese calendar and astrology - incidentally, the only well-known in the West: a 12 cyclic signs - Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, and so on.
However, in the West, it was limited to the printing of popular pamphlets on what it means to be born in the Year of the Dragon, or Dog. But in reality, this system is much more complicated and deeper. Incidentally, the Dragon of the peoples of East Asia does not look like a hideous monster, how it perceived media iudeohristianskoy our culture. The Chinese have it - the embodiment of light forces, a symbol of fertility. In Taoist dragon - a symbol of creative force, materialized thought. Heavenly Dragon also represents the mouth of Milk River (Milky Way), a meeting place of matter and the human soul.
Chinese (and obschevostochny) calendar consists of two parallel current periods: Tian Gan and Di Zhi, ten heavenly stems and twelve earthly branches, making a total of sixty-year cycle. The cycle starts with the year of the Tree - Yang and rats (this current cycle began in 1984). Next year is a tree - the Yin and the Bull, then - Fire - Ian and Tigris, and so on. Raznovelikost both periods (10 and 12) provides the rotation of combinations of primary elements and cyclic signs. Similarly, alternate static and dynamic signs of months and days of the year.
By ten meridians of the body added two more - the Lord of the heart (pericardium) and the three heaters (which later were added to the so-called. "Wondrous meridians" and some more, but they are not included in the basic scheme). This dvenadtsatisektorny formed a circle or a turtle, a critical component of the scheme of division of the world.
Why the turtle? In Mongolia, there is such a legend: Long ago in the old days there lived a marksman hunter. Once he was hunting on the lake, and shot wild animals. It was a turtle. She fell, a shot, and turned over, lying belly up. Up to her hunter. He sees - in four feet lumps of clay. Under the front legs sticking out of a piece of wooden arrows tipped with iron, heat radiates from the mouth of another hole water pours out. I looked and looked and saw a hunter, that land, iron, wood, water and fire, and there are five primary elements that make up the universe.
So much for the turtle - so to speak, a living model of the world. In one Tibetan Buddhist sutra states: "The whole universe can fit on a tortoise. Her head turned to the south, the tail - to the north, feet to the east and west. South contains an element of fire, and corresponds to the signs of horses and snakes; west - a metal or a rooster and monkey; north - water or pig and mouse; east - a tree or a Tiger and Hare. "
For residents of China and Mongolia, tortoise-shell served as the natural gadalnoy board: even the book I Ching, as is known, goes back to reading the tortoise shell. And he served as a symbol of world harmony, the inviolable space of equilibrium (balance) - no wonder it was thought that the earth rests on the back of a huge turtle. Hence the principle: do not do anything that might upset this balance. Imbalance is a sin, guilt, punishment for which could not be avoided. Saving it is a virtue (te), which is not allowed for special awards.
To maintain equilibrium is two-pronged path and whether dao: compliance with practice and knowledge. The term te, only during the era of Aries has acquired the meaning of "virtues" like the Greek kalogagafii (vozzhelaniya no evil "), in earlier times meant sacred, that is a divine force that flows only in person, ready to accept a deity - remember Jewish prophets, the Greek pify, shamans, berserkers, the Christian saints.
In addition, the circle (turtle) - a symbol of the cycle, the frequency of all and everything. There is a clear reminiscence to representations of the era of Taurus (the world is good, and there is no need to change it), but in slightly different form (the world is the way it's arranged, and nothing can be changed) - no wonder most of the cultures of East Asia, describes the archetype of Libra, and Libra since as Taurus, the house of Venus.
Chinese meridians are paired, that is, assume the interaction of two opposing sectors of the circle, for example, heart and gall bladder. Between them is an exchange of energy. This means, for example, that to treat a violation of one meridian can be by acting on the other. Similarly linked and archetypes of the zodiac signs, such as Aries-Libra. It is not surprising that in an era of Aries intensified many elements of the opposite archetype, Libra, and in Japanese culture they both are represented almost equally. Among the main components of "turtle" numbers appeared eight.